It’s no secret that engaging your customers is crucial to achieving continued sales, and it’s also well known that it is usually far easier and costs less to get repeat business from existing customers than it is to acquire new ones from scratch. Customer relationship management (CRM) is well established as a process to try to achieve this, but this customer lifecycle ‘relationship’ begins with the first contact with the customer (when they are still a contact or prospect).
We believe that the best way for a company or brand to build relationships is through a planned always-on marketing approach of integrated communications across multiple digital channels.
- Automated email marketing like welcome, nuture and win-back sequences
- Display ad retargeting, e.g. via Google Ads Display Network remarketing
- On-site personalization recommending next best-product, offer or content to convert
- Social media retargeting available on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and LinkedIn
- Traditional channels like direct mail or phone contact
This renewed focus by marketers on prospect and customer engagement, conversion and retention has led to the appearance of a new phrase in the digital marketing lexicon: Customer lifecycle marketing, or sometimes just lifecycle marketing.
We define lifecycle marketing as:
Creating a managed communications or contact strategy to prioritise and integrate the full range of marketing communications channels and experiences to support prospects and customers on their path-to-purchase using techniques such as persuasive personalised messaging and re-targeting.
The McKinsey consumer decision is one example of this lifecycle, but it doesn’t give the details on the channels, so here we present a visual tool to help you review the gap between the lifecycle activities you could be working on and the ones you are currently, so you can make improvements.
The first examples of customer lifecycle analysis are for retail and B2B companies. We then look at examples of how the analysis can be applied to individual channels like email marketing and social media marketing.
You can get more detailed advice on best practices via our lifecycle marketing toolkit.
What are the customer lifecycle marketing activities?
To help show the importance of lifecycle marketing to managing communications, this visual highlights some of the many online marketing channels you must integrate to get the best results from digital marketing today. While some channels such as social media and SEO are well known we find that some always-on marketing techniques such as remarketing and influencer outreach are used less widely.
This visual – developed for use as a ‘gap analysis’ in our training and consulting workshops – shows typical lifecycle marketing activities that need to be managed by retailers and Ecommerce across the lifecycle and across the Smart Insights RACE planning framework.
I have also created this summary of the lifecycle for B2B digital marketing activities since B2B marketing is different, with content marketing much more important to demand generation. Content creation for different personas is useful as part of demand generation at Top-of-funnel and then lead nurturing in the bottom of the funnel. Other marketing activities such as retargeting through email, Google Ads and LinkedIn can also be integrated within B2B. Yet, I find when training, that often businesses are missing out on some of these activities which should be ‘always-on’. It can be useful to create a ‘gap analysis of your lifecycle’ comparing the full lifecycle against.
Full B2B customer lifecycle activities
Gap analysis showing actual B2B always-on activities used
What is the origin of the term ‘customer lifecycle’?
Originally coined as a term to explain their services by the CRM provider Infusionsoft, customer lifecycle marketing promises to help you to design a marketing plan to attract customers, grow sales and deliver great experiences. They break it down into three stages: ‘attract’, ‘sell’, ‘wow’.
We think Infusionsoft’s customer lifecycle model is great for thinking about the value of your customers over longer periods, rather than reducing everything down to a simple conversion of each contact, it is often quite light on details such as what exactly the different steps entail. We’re not complaining – Infusionsoft are a great CRM – we should know, we used to use them (Full transparency, we since moved to Salesforce / Pardot) – we just think we can add some additional insights.
Defining contacts in lifecycle email marketing
In reality, lifecycle communication involves a huge number of touch points across the customer journey to achieve different goals with different types of emails, as shown by this visual from Kath Pay, consultant at Holistic Email Marketing.
Looking at the potential of the full lifecycle above shows that it’s important to ‘mind the gap’, to review all contacts and to think where you can use new types of comms or improve existing ones. Kath covers best practices for these in our new resource to help businesses improve their lifecycle marketing.
The chart below also shows how different channels can be utilized across different stages of the buyer’s journey. Critical to consider when formulating a lifecycle marketing plan.
Defining customer lifecycle strategy
Lifecycle marketing, as its name suggests, involves studying the whole customer journey in an integrated way, from first contact to customer relationship management rather than narrowly focusing on a given campaign, channel or metric. Instead of focusing on separate campaigns, you should use an ‘always-on’ approach to marketing look as your customer’s entire journey, across all devices and channels, and optimise your messaging to align with the various touch points along that journey. Because lifecycle marketing works across platforms, it is key the different teams running different aspects of your marketing can collaborate and all pull in the same direction when applying a lifecycle marketing strategy. To start with, everyone needs to be on the same page and understand exactly what customer lifecycle marketing entails. Below are some definitions of lifecycle marketing from different departments/business types.
“Lifecycle marketing intergrates your ecommerce and email databases to generate highly personlised messages for your customers” – Kath Pay, Email Marketing Expert
“Customer life cycle is a term used to describe the progression of steps a customer goes through when considering, purchasing, using, and maintaining loyalty to a product or service” – Margaret Rouse, Tech Target
The customer life cycle describes the points in the continuum where you: 1) Claim someones attention. 2) Bring them into your sphere of influence. 3) Turn them into a registered and/or paying customer. 4) Keep them as a customer. 5) Turn them into a company advocate. – Sterne and Cutler, aurthors of the paper introducing the concept of the customer lifecycle back in 2000
“Customer lifecycle marketing (CLM) is an approach to customer communication that recognises that different stages on the journey to becoming a loyal, active customer require different marketing messages and strategies.” – Ometria, Ecommerce analyitics software
The definitions differ slightly from one another because of the different angles the various writers have attacked the problem from. However, almost all point to some form of personalization being key to effective customer lifecycle marketing. This it crucial to get right, as effective personalization brings a host of benefits which can help you increase sales and retention, which after all are the objects of any customer lifecycle marketing plan.
One key benefit of personalizing messages is that it recognizes the customers as individuals. By marketing one way to prospects, another way to those that have already purchased a product and another way to long-term, high-value customers you can make your marketing messages far more compelling and effective. Customers will also appreciate the personal touch, and you’ll stop them driving them away by bombarding them with messages which aren’t relevant to them.
A second key benefit of personalizing messages via a customer lifecycle model is that they can align with the point in the lifecycle that the potential customer is currently in. Marketing messages from the brand which recognize where the customers are in their individual lifecycles and thus can tailor messages much more effectively. Taking a SaaS business as an example, it’s no good asking someone who has just signed up to a mailing list to find out more to buy your ultra-premium business level product straight away, and similarly its probably not worth trying to push customers that have shown interest in the high level business product towards your free basic trial option.
Customer lifecycle marketing applies to all areas of marketing, but it is particularly important to consider email marketing, because email offers a unique ability to contact your customers at given moments with personalized messages.
When done correctly, personalized email messages combine all kinds of data to deliver mails which are extremely relevant and useful to the customer. Below is an example of a personalized email right done right.
It’s important to consider how you can optimize your email messaging at certain key touchpoints across the customer journey, and therefore taking a step back and looking the whole customer journey is a must. For more information on applying customer lifecycle marketing techniques to your email marketing campaigns, check out our new guide.
Applying lifecycle-thinking to social media marketing
Social media are one of the most powerful digital marketing channels since they can be applied through the customer lifecycle with these aims:
- Reach: Organic and paid social updates to create awareness including through lookalike targeting
- Act: Paid social options to generate leads
- Convert: Retargeting options at an individual level to increase conversion
- Engage: Customer communications through organic updates, retargeting and uploading customer lists to reach known customers
This lifecycle visual summarizes the options for using paid and organic social across RACE.
Like the other visuals in the post, it can be used for a simple ‘gap analysis’ in a workshop to review how you are using social media. It helps prove how a combination of paid and organic social are needed to gain the best coverage across the lifecycle.
Guest Post By Dave Chaffey
Digital strategist Dr Dave Chaffey is co-founder and Content Director of online marketing training platform and publisher Smart Insights. Dave is editor of the 100+ templates, ebooks and courses in the digital marketing resource library created by our team of 25+ digital marketing experts. Our resources are used by our Premium members in more than 100 countries to Plan, Manage and Optimize their digital marketing. Free members can access our free sample templates here. Dave is a keynote speaker, trainer and consultant who is author of 5 bestselling books on digital marketing including Digital Marketing Excellence and Digital Marketing: Strategy, Implementation and Practice. My personal site, DaveChaffey.com, lists my latest Digital marketing and E-commerce books and support materials including a digital marketing glossary. In 2004 he was recognised by the Chartered Institute of Marketing as one of 50 marketing ‘gurus’ worldwide who have helped shape the future of marketing. Please connect on LinkedIn to receive updates or ask me a question.